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These Are The Celebrities And Notable People Who Died In The 2010s

The 2010s were a rough decade for music fans since we lost many all-time great legends, like Amy Winehouse, 27. Carl De Souza / AFP / Getty Images Amy died of alcohol poisoning on July 23, 2011, but not before becoming the first British woman to win five Grammys thanks to her incredible songwriting and…

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These Are The Celebrities And Notable People Who Died In The 2010s

The 2010s were a rough decade for music fans since we lost many all-time great legends, like Amy Winehouse, 27.


Carl De Souza / AFP / Getty Images

Amy died of alcohol poisoning on July 23, 2011, but not before becoming the first British woman to win five Grammys thanks to her incredible songwriting and expressive vocals on hits like “Back to Black” and “Rehab.”

Singer and actor Whitney Houston, 48.


Warner Bros.

Whitney arrived on the scene in the ’80s with one of music’s all-time greatest voices, and used it to win seven Grammys and score 11 chart-toppers including “I Will Always Love You.” She also acted in films including The Bodyguard and Waiting to Exhale. She drowned on Feb. 11, 2012.

Musician Prince, 57.


Kevin Winter

The Minneapolis-born hitmaker could do it all: write, produce, dance, sing, and play guitar (and other instruments) like a house on fire. In addition to his own endless list of hits, like “Purple Rain” and “1999,” he wrote Sinead O’Connor’s worldwide No. 1 hit “Nothing Compares 2 U.” He died of an accidental overdose on April 21, 2016.

Singer-songwriter Tom Petty, 66.


Ирина Лепнёва / Via Creative Commons

Tom Petty and The Heartbreakers were the definitive American rock band of the ’70s, ’80s, and ’90s, with a blistering live show that featured hits like “American Girl,” “Refugee,” and “Mary Jane’s Last Dance.” As a solo artist, Tom released hits like “Free Fallin” and the classic album “Wildflowers.” He was also a member of The Traveling Wilburys. He died of an accidental overdose on Oct. 2, 2017.

Rock ‘n’ roll pioneer Chuck Berry, 90.


Public Domain

Chuck helped create the blueprint for rock ‘n’ roll with his clever lyrics, peerless guitar riffs, and on-stage persona (google “Chuck Berry duck walk”). His hits “Johnny B. Goode” and “Roll Over Beethoven” were covered by The Beatles. He died of cardiac arrest on March 18, 2017.

Musician and actor David Bowie, 69.


Afp / Getty Images

David was one of rock’s most influential artists, exploring a wide range of styles including folk, hard rock, soul, psychedelic, pop, and electronic/industrial on hits like “Heroes,” “Fame,” and “Let’s Dance.” He also was a style leader who often changed his appearance, most famously with his alter ego Ziggy Stardust. As an actor, he appeared in many films, including his role as Jareth the Goblin King in Labyrinth. He died of liver cancer on January 10, 2016.

“King of the Blues” B.B. King, 89.


Tom Beetz / Via Flickr: 9967007@N07

No one could bend a a string like B.B., who was born on a cotton plantation in Mississippi and ended up winning 15 Grammys and a Presidential Medal of Freedom. His hits included “The Thrill Is Gone” and “Every Day I’ve Got The Blues.” He died from vascular dementia on May 14, 2015.

Country star Merle Haggard, 79.


Frazer Harrison

A troubled youth who spent time at San Quentin State Prison, Merle went on to score 38 No. 1 country hits — most of which were about the working class — including “Okie from Muskogee” and “Pancho and Lefty.” He died of complications from pneumonia on April 6, 2016.

The “Queen of Soul” Aretha Franklin, 76.


Express Newspapers / Getty Images

Aretha was known for her gospel-inspired vocals on songs like “Respect”, (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman”, and “I Say a Little Prayer”, but she was also a talented pianist and songwriter (she co-wrote “Think”). No female artist has had more songs place on the Billboard charts…period. She died of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor on Aug. 16, 2018.

Singer-songwriter George Michael, 53.


Mj Kim / Getty Images

George exploded as a star in the ’80s as a member of Wham (which scored hits like the chart-topping “Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go”), then went on to have a huge career as a solo artist punctuated by the landmark albums Faith and Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1. He also campaigned for LGBT rights and fundraised for HIV/AIDS charities. He died of heart and liver issues on December 25, 2016.

And singer-songwriter and poet Leonard Cohen, 82.


Gorupdebesanez / Via Creative Commons

This Canadian icon is probably most famous for writing “Hallelujah,” but he released 15 albums in his lifetime full of acclaimed and intelligent songs that made him one of Bob Dylan’s few lyrical peers. He also wrote well-regarded poetry and novels. He died of leukemia on Nov. 7, 2016.

The decade also saw us lose a number of artists who defined ’90s music, like singer-songwriter Chris Cornell, 52.


Handout / Getty Images

Chris was the lead singer of classic ’90s grunge-rock band Soundgarden, and amazed people with his epic, uncontainable vocals. He was later the lead singer of Audioslave and a Grammy-winning solo artist. He died by suicide on May 18, 2017.

Rocker Scott Weiland, 48.


Kevin Winter / Getty Images

Scott was the definition of rock ‘n’ roll cool as he fronted popular ’90s rock band Stone Temple Pilots — one of the most commercially successful acts of the decade. Scott was also in Velvet Revolver with former members of Guns N’ Roses. He died of an accidental overdose on Dec. 3, 2015.

Singer-songwriter Dolores O’Riordan, 46.


Giuseppe Cacace / Getty Images

Dolores fronted the Irish band The Cranberries, and was known for her instantly recognizable, lilting, and expressive vocals. She also wrote most of the band’s timeless songs like “Linger,” “Dreams,” and “Zombie.” She drowned due to alcohol intoxication on Jan. 15, 2018.

And rapper/musician and filmmaker Adam Yauch, 47.


Fabio Venni / Via Creative Commons

Adam was a founding member of The Beastie Boys, the biggest-selling rap group of all time. In the ’90s they released the seminal albums Check Your Head and Ill Communication, with them playing live instruments on hits like “Sabotage.” He died of cancer on May 4, 2012.

The 2010s were a decade when we said goodbye to legends of cinema like comedian/actor Robin Williams, 63.


Miramax

Robin started as a stand-up with a dazzling quick mind, but transitioned to acting with the TV show Mork and Mindy. Later, he starred in hit comedy films like Mrs. Doubtfire, and established himself as a dramatic actor. He was nominated for Best Actor at the Academy Awards three times, and won Best Supporting Actor for Good Will Hunting. He died by suicide on Aug. 11, 2014.

Actor and humanitarian Elizabeth Taylor, 79.


MGM

Elizabeth began as a teen star in the ’40s (famously starring in National Velvet) and went on to become a mega-star in the ’50s and ’60s with Academy Award winning performances in Butterfield 8 and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Later, she was an HIV/AIDS activist. She died of congestive heart failure on March 23, 2011.

Actor Peter O’Toole, 81.


Columbia

The Irish star of stage and screen was a renowned Shakespearean actor who was nominated for eight Academy Awards, including his signature performance in Lawrence of Arabia. He died of stomach cancer on Dec. 14, 2013.

Actor Lauren Bacall, 89.


MGM

Lauren left a modeling career behind to become a movie star, acting opposite husband Humphrey Bogart in The Big Sleep, Dark Passage, and Key Largo. Her long career had a late highlight with an Academy Award nomination for 1996’s The Mirror Has Two Faces. She died after suffering a stroke on Aug. 12, 2014.

Comedian and humanitarian Jerry Lewis, 91.


Paramount

Jerry rose to fame as part of a comedy duo with Dean Martin dubbed Martin & Lewis. After they broke up, he went on to star in many hits including The Nutty Professor (which he directed, co-wrote, and starred in). Later, he had an acclaimed dramatic turn in Martin Scorsese’s The King of Comedy, and hosted a yearly telethon for muscular dystrophy of cardiac disease. He died Aug. 20, 2017.

Actor Phillip Seymour Hoffman, 46.


Vince Bucci / Getty Images

Phillip was a brilliant, intense actor (who could also do comedy) who starred in both small indie films and big budget fare. He won a Best Actor Academy Award for 2005’s Capote, and played Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games films. He died of a drug overdose on Feb. 2, 2014.

And actor and filmmaker Gene Wilder, 83.


Paramount

Gene — who was best known for his portrayal of Willy Wonka in Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory — first made a splash working with writer/director Mel Brooks on the classic comedies The Producers, Blazing Saddles, and Young Frankenstein (which he co-wrote). Later, he teamed with Richard Pryor in Stir Crazy and three other films. He died from complications of Alzheimer’s disease on August 29, 2016.

In the 2010s we also lost legendary family members like actor and writer Carrie Fisher, 60, and her mother actor and singer Debbie Reynolds, 84.


Ethan Miller / Getty Images

Mom Debbie had an incredible 70-year career starring in films like Singin’ in the Rain and The Unsinkable Molly Brown. She also sang “Tammy,” a No. 1 hit, and was a Tony-nominated stage performer.

Daughter Carrie famously played Princess Leia in six Star Wars films, and wrote acclaimed books and screenplays like Postcards From The Edge.

Carrie died of a heart attack on Dec. 27, 2016. A grieving Debbie died of an intracerebral hemorrhage the next day.

And siblings Penny Marshall, 75, and Gary Marshall, 81.


Charley Gallay

These siblings from The Bronx made a big name for themselves in Hollywood. Penny starred as Laverne on the hit TV show Laverne & Shirley, then became one of the most successful female directors ever, helming classics such as Big and A League of Their Own. She died of complications from diabetes on Dec. 17, 2018.

Gary acted too (with a hilarious cameo in Lost in America), but was most famous for creating hit TV show Happy Days and directing hit feature films Pretty Women and The Princess Diaries. He died from pneumonia after suffering a stroke on July 19, 2016.

Some of our most famous former child stars also died in the decade, like sitcom funny kid Gary Coleman, 42.


NBC

The comedically gifted Gary was a huge star in the late ’70s and ’80s thanks to his role as Arnold Jackson in Diff’rent Strokes . While the show was on the air, Gary also starred in two features, four made-for-television films, and an animated series, The Gary Coleman Show. He died of a subdural hematoma on May 28, 2010.

Actor and diplomat Shirley Temple, 85.


Fox

Shirley began acting at the age of 3 in 1932, and became a huge star thanks to films like Bright Eyes and merchandising products that capitalized on her wholesome charm. She was presented with a special Juvenile Academy Award in 1935 for her films. Later in life, she served as a US Ambassador. She died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on Feb. 10, 2014.

And actor Mickey Rooney, 93.


MGM

Mickey’s career began in the silent film era, and he went on to appear in over 300 films in his lifetime. He played Andy Hardy in 16 popular films, and was the biggest box office star in the world from 1939–1941. He died of natural causes on April 6, 2014.

Fandoms were hit hard during the decade. Harry Potter fans, for example, said goodbye to Alan Rickman, 69.


Warner Bros.

In addition to playing Severus Snape in the Harry Potter films, Alan will be remembered for his roles as villain Hans Gruber in Die Hard and Harry (not Potter) in Love Actually. He died of pancreatic cancer on Jan. 14, 2016.

Actor John Hurt, 77.


Warner Bros.

John was beloved for his role as wand-maker Mr. Ollivander, but he was also a hugely acclaimed actor outside of the magical world, with Academy Award nominations for Midnight Express and The Elephant Man. He was knighted in 2015 for his services to drama. He died from cancer on Jan. 25, 2017.

Actor Richard Griffiths, 65.


Warner Bros.

Richard was perfect as Vernon Dursley in the Harry Potter film series, however, his career high point was on stage in The History Boys. His performance in that role won him numerous awards including a Tony for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play. He died after heart surgery on March 28, 2013.

And actor Robert Hardy, 91.


Warner Bros.

In addition to playing Minister of Magic Cornelius Fudge, Robert had a long career on stage and screen, including a memorable turn in 1994’s Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. He died of natural causes on Aug. 3, 2017.

Star Trek fans also lost some beloved performers, including “Spock” Leonard Nimoy, 83.


Paramount

Leonard first played Spock in the TV pilot for Star Trek in 1964, and was still playing him 50 years later in 2013’s Star Trek Into Darkness. He was also a successful author and directed the hit comedy Three Men and a Baby. He died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on Feb. 27, 2015.

Actor Grace Lee Whitney, 85.


Paramount

Grace played Captain Kirk’s yeoman first in the television series and later in the feature films. Also a singer, she started her career opening for Billie Holiday in Chicago nightclubs. She died of natural causes on May 1, 2015.

And, tragically, actor Anton Yelchin, 27.


Paramount

The Russian-born actor played Pavel Chekov in the three most recent Star Trek films. He died in a freak accident on June 19, 2016, when he was pinned between his Jeep and a brick pillar.

Glee lost a couple of its young actors, Cory Monteith, 31, and Mark Salling, 35.


Fox

Cory, who played Finn Hudson on the show, died of a drug overdose on July 13, 2013. Mark, who played Noah “Puck” Puckerman, died by suicide on Jan. 30, 2018.

Fashion said goodbye to some iconoclastic titans, like fashion designer Oscar De La Renta, 82.


Michael Stewart / Getty Images

Born in the Dominican Republic, Oscar rose to fame, in part, for designing Jackie Kennedy’s iconic clothes. Later, his name became synonymous with high fashion as his self-titled fashion house became popular worldwide. He died of cancer on Oct. 20, 2014.

Fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld, 85.


Pascal Le Segretain / Getty Images

Karl — who had an instantly recognizable personal style — worked for 27 years with Fendi before becoming the creative director of the then-floundering Chanel, making it hugely successful. He died from pancreatic cancer on Feb. 19, 2019.

Fashion designer Kate Spade, 55.


Matthew Simmons / Getty Images

Kate (seen above with brother-in-law David Spade) started the designer brand Kate Spade New York with her husband, Andy. The brand quickly became famous for their stylish handbags, but later expanded into other products like clothes and eyewear. She died by suicide on June 5, 2018.

And fashion designer Alexander McQueen, 40.


Evan Agostini / Getty Images

London-born Alexander was the chief designer at Givenchy before founding his own label in 1992 and winning four British Designer of the Year awards. He died by suicide on Feb. 11, 2010.

The literary world was hit hard, losing brilliant writers like J.D. Salinger, 91.


Public domain

After serving in World War II, J.D. launched an incredibly successful career as a novelist and short story writer. His most famous book, The Catcher in the Rye, is now a staple of school reading. He stopped publishing in the early ’60s and lived a largely reclusive life thereafter, although he is said to have continued writing in private. He died of natural causes on Jan. 27, 2010.

Memoirist and poet Maya Angelou, 86.


Clinton Library

Maya wrote seven landmark autobiographies, starting with I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. She was also one of America’s most acclaimed poets, and recited her poem “On the Pulse of Morning” at the presidential inauguration of Bill Clinton. She died of natural causes on May 28, 2014.

Comic book writer Stan Lee, 95.


Vince Bucci / Getty Images

While leading Marvel Comics, Stan co-created Spider-Man, the X-Men, Iron Man, Thor, the Hulk, the Fantastic Four, Black Panther, and more. These comic book characters were more complicated and human than any that came before, and made Marvel a household name. He died of cardiac arrest on Nov. 12, 2018.

Children’s book author and illustrator Maurice Sendak, 83.


Spencer Platt / Getty Images

Maurice became famous for Where the Wild Things Are, which has sold over 20 million copies worldwide and was adapted into a feature film. He wrote many other popular children’s books, like the award-winning In The Night Kitchen. He died from complications of a stroke on May 8, 2012.

Novelist and essayist Toni Morrison, 88.


Alex Wong / Getty Images

Toni’s powerful novels, such as Song of Solomon and Beloved, won her numerous awards, including a Nobel Prize, Pulitzer Prize, National Book Critics Circle Award, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She died from complications of pneumonia on Aug. 5, 2019.

And author Harper Lee, 89.


Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images

Harper only wrote one novel in her lifetime, but that novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, left an incredible footprint, winning a Pulitzer Prize and being voted “Best Novel of the Century” by the Library Journal (an early draft of To Kill A Mockingbird was released posthumously as Go Set a Watchman). She died of natural causes on Feb. 19, 2016.

We also lost hugely important political leaders, like South African President Nelson Mandela, 95.


Hamish Blair / Getty Images

Nelson lead an incredible life, fighting to change South Africa for the better and dismantle its whites-only apartheid government. He was jailed for 27 years for his efforts, but upon release helped negotiate an end to apartheid. Incredibly, he was later elected president of the country. He died from a respiratory infection on Dec. 5, 2013.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher, 87.


Hulton Archive / Getty Images

Dubbed “The Iron Lady,” Margaret was both England’s longest-serving prime minister (1979–1990) and the first woman to hold the office. She died after suffering a stroke on April 8, 2013.

And United States President George Bush, 94.


Justin Sullivan / Getty Images

After serving in World War II, George went on to be a member of Congress, the head of the CIA, and the vice president for two terms under President Reagan. He then was elected 41st president and played a key role in the liberation of Kuwait. He died of Parkinson’s disease on Nov. 30, 2018. His wife, first lady Barbara Bush, died earlier in the year at the age of 92 on April 17, 2018.

It was a decade where we lost legendary astronauts, like Neil Armstrong, 82.


Space Frontiers / Getty Images

On July 21, 1969, Neil became the first person to walk on the moon, saying “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind,” upon taking his first step. After returning to Earth, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He died following heart surgery on Aug. 25, 2012.

Astronaut and politician John Glenn, 95.


Roberto Schmidt / AFP / Getty Images

In 1962, John became the first American to orbit the Earth. After leaving NASA, he was elected senator for Ohio. In 1998, at the age of 77, he flew on Space Shuttle Discovery’s STS-95 mission, becoming the oldest person to fly in space. He died of natural causes on Dec. 8, 2016.

And astronaut and physicist Sally Ride, 61.


Sandy Huffaker / Getty Images

In 1983, Sally became both the first American woman and the youngest person in space. Later, she became a college professor and served on the investigative committees examining the Challenger and Columbia Space Shuttle disasters. She died of pancreatic cancer on July 23, 2012.

We also lost some incredible thinkers who changed how we see and live in the world, like Steve Jobs, 56.


Photo: Matthew Yohe

Steve was the cofounder of Apple and had a hand in the creation of some of their landmark products, including the Apple II, iPod, and iPhone. In 1986 he bought The Graphics Group (soon to be renamed Pixar) and helped it become an animation powerhouse. He died of pancreatic cancer on Oct. 5, 2011.

And theoretical physicist and author Stephen Hawking, 76.


Bryan Bedder

Stephen was diagnosed with ALS at 21 and gradually became paralyzed and unable to speak without the assistance of a computer. Nevertheless, his scientific ideas were groundbreaking and he was able to articulate them to non-scientists in books such as the bestselling A Brief History of Time. He died from ALS on March 14, 2018.

The world of sports lost a number of legends, like “The Greatest” Muhammad Ali, 74.


Agence France Presse / Getty Images

The greatest athlete of the 20th century according to Sports Illustrated, a 22-year-old Muhammed upset Sonny Liston to become heavyweight champion in 1964, and remained the champion on-and-off until 1979. The larger-than-life personality, who had Parkinson’s disease, died June 3, 2016.

Golfer Arnold Palmer, 87.


Public Domain

Arnold was a charismatic star who won 62 PGA Tour titles from 1955 to 1973 and is often called the game’s greatest player. And yes, he invented the drink that bears his name. He died while awaiting heart surgery on Sept. 25, 2016.

Hall of Famers from baseball’s Golden Era Stan Musial, 92, Yogi Berra, 90, and Ernie Banks, 83.


Public Domain

Stan “The Man” played 22 seasons with the St. Louis Cardinals, batting .331 and amassing an amazing 3,630 hits. He died of natural causes on Jan. 19, 2013.

Yogi was an 18-time All Star catcher for the Yankees, and holds the record for playing on the most World Series champions — 10. He died of natural causes on Sept. 22, 2015.

Ernie Banks holds the opposite record of Yogi’s — the most games played (2,528) without a playoff appearance. The Cubs’ legend was a 14-time All Star who hit a whopping 512 home runs. He died of a heart attack on Jan. 23, 2015.

And baseball star Tony Gwynn, 54.


Timothy A. Clary / AFP / Getty Images

Tony was arguably the greatest hitter of baseball’s next era, winning eight batting titles and hitting .338 over 21 years with the San Diego Padres. He died of cancer on June 16, 2014.

Other greats we lost include:

Actor and filmmaker Dennis Hopper, 74.


20th Century Fox

Dennis received a Best Screenplay nomination at the Academy Awards for Easy Rider, which he also co-directed and co-starred in. He later starred in Apocolypse Now, Speed, and Hoosiers (for which he received his second Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor). He died from prostate cancer on May 29, 2010.

Performer and civil rights activist Lena Horne, 92.


Public Domain

Lena had an amazing 70-year career that began when she joined the chorus of the legendary Cotton Club at 16. A four-time Grammy winner, she also appeared in many movies, singing and dancing, and was one of the era’s top nightclub performers. She cared deeply for civil rights, and when performing for USO troops during World War II, refused to perform for segregated audiences. She died of congestive heart failure on May 9, 2010.

TV legend Rue McClanahan, 76.


NBC

Rue starred in the hit TV comedies Maude, Mama’s Family, and The Golden Girls, the last of which won her an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series. She died after suffering a brain hemorrhage on June 3, 2010.

Rich Cronin, 36, and Devin Lima, 41, of the boy band LFO.


Brenda Chase / Getty Images

LFO’s self-titled debut in1999 sold nearly 3 million copies in the United States and landed two top ten hits “Summer Girls” and “Girl On TV.” Tragically, Rich died of leukemia on Sept. 8, 2010, and bandmate Devin died of adrenal cancer on Nov. 21, 2018.

Teen star Corey Haim, 38.


Warner Bros.

After starring in 1987’s classic horror/comedy The Lost Boys, Corey went on to make a number of movies with his friend, Corey Feldman, including License To Drive. Corey struggled with drugs later in life and died of pneumonia on March 10, 2010.

Australian actor Andy Whitfield, 39.


Starz

Andy made his first international splash playing the title character in the Starz series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. Sadly, he was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma while filming Season 2 and died 18 months later on Sept. 11, 2011.

Film producer Laura Ziskin, 61.


Frederick M. Brown / Getty Images

Laura was the first woman to produce (alone) The Academy Awards telecast. She also produced classic films Pretty Woman, As Good As It Gets, and all three of the Sam Raimi-directed Spider-Man films. She died of breast cancer on June 12, 2011.

Television star and stunt performer Ryan Dunn, 34.


Kevin Winter / Getty Images

Ryan was notorious for the extreme pranks and stunts he pulled with Bam Margera in the ’90s. In 2000, he and Bam joined MTV’s comedic stunt show Jackass, which became wildly popular and spawned two feature films. He died in a car crash on June 20, 2011.

Radio and television performer Dick Clark, 82.


ABC

Dick — known as “the world’s oldest teenager” — hosted the iconic American Bandstand from 1957 to1988, and is synonymous with New Year’s Eve thanks to his Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve broadcast. A true American legend, he died of a heart attack on April 18, 2012.

Blues singer Etta James, 73.


Vince Bucci / Getty Images

Etta is most famous for her version of “At Last” but also had hits “The Wallflower,” “Tell Mama,” “Something’s Got a Hold on Me,” and “I’d Rather Go Blind.” She won six Grammys in her lifetime and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She died from leukemia on Jan. 20, 2012.

Musician Lou Reed, 71.


Danny Norton / Via Flickr: dannynorton

As the main songwriter (plus guitarist and singer) of the wildly influential band The Velvet Underground, Lou was responsible for timeless songs like “Sweet Jane” and “Walk on the Wild Side.” He died of liver disease on Oct. 27, 2013.

Actor Michael Clarke Duncan, 54.


Warner Bros.

Michael worked as a bodyguard (among other jobs) before realizing his dream to be an actor. After appearing in Armageddon, he was cast in in The Green Mile, and went on to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He appeared in many more films before passing of a heart attack on Sept. 3, 2012.

Writer and filmmaker Nora Ephron, 71.


Peter Kramer / Getty Images

Nora wrote the classic romantic comedies When Harry Met Sally… and Sleepless in Seattle, plus the drama Silkwood — and received Best Screenplay nominations at the Academy Awards for all three. She also directed eight films including Sleepless in Seattle and Julie & Julia. She died of leukemia on June 26, 2012.

Sitar legend Ravi Shankar, 92.


Express Newspapers / Getty Images

Ravi was a masterful Indian musician and composer who became well known in the West after The Beatles’ George Harrison became a fan and friend. He had three children, including “Come Away With Me” singer Norah Jones. He died after undergoing heart surgery on Dec. 11, 2012.

The Bee Gees Robin Gibb, 62.


RSO

Robin, along with brothers Barry and Maurice, made up the wildly popular group The Bee Gees, which sold more than 220 million records worldwide. He co-wrote and sang lead on the classic “How Can You Mend a Broken Heart.” He died of colorectal cancer on May 20, 2012.

Disco singer Donna Summer, 63.


CBS

The “Queen of Disco” won five Grammys and scored dozens of hits including the classics “Last Dance” and “She Works Hard For The Money.” She died of lung cancer on May 17, 2012.

Actor Paul Walker, 41.


Universal

While he’s best known for playing Brian O’Conner in The Fast and the Furious franchise, Paul began acting in the ’80s and notably appeared in Pleasantville and Varsity Blues. He died in a high-speed car accident on Nov. 30, 2013.

Actor James Avery, 68.


NBC

James was best known for playing Will Smith’s “Uncle Phil” on The Fresh Prince of Bel Air. After serving in Vietnam, he worked for PBS until his acting career took off around the age of 40. He died on Dec. 31, 2013, following open-heart surgery.

Actor James Gandolfini, 51.


HBO

James won three Emmy awards for his unforgettable portrayal of Tony Soprano on HBO’s classic series The Sopranos. On the big screen, he starred films like Get Shorty, True Romance, and Enough Said. He died of a heart attack on June 19, 2013.

Film critic Roger Ebert, 70.


Tribune Ent.

Roger made generations of Americans fall in love with the movies thanks to his erudite reviews in print and on his TV show At the Movies (which famously gave films a “thumbs up” or “thumbs down”). He died of cancer on April 4, 2013.

Actor Edward Hermann, 71.


Warner Bros.

Hermann had a long career on stage and screen, winning a Tony Award and receiving multiple Emmy award nominations. He appeared in movies The Purple Rose of Cairo and Annie, and TV shows St. Elsewhere and Grey’s Anatomy, but he is best known for playing Richard Gilmore on Gilmore Girls. He died of brain cancer on Dec. 31, 2014.

Actor Elizabeth Peña, 55.


Tri-Star

Born in Cuba, Elizabeth moved to New York as a child. She soon established herself as a gifted actor in films such as La Bamba, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Jacob’s Ladder, Rush Hour, The Incredibles, and Lone Star. She died of cirrhosis of the liver on Oct. 14, 2014.

Comedic actor Jan Hooks, 57.


NBC

Jan started her comedy career with The Groundlings before joining Saturday Night Live in 1986. She spent six years as a regular on the show (and often returned after leaving to play Hillary Clinton). After SNL, she joined Designing Women and had recurring roles on 3rd Rock From the Sun and 30 Rock. She died on Oct. 9, 2014, of throat cancer.

Comedian Joan Rivers, 81.


Carlo Allegri / Getty

Joan not only guest-hosted The Tonight Show, but was the first woman ever to host her own late night network television talk show with Late Show With Joan Rivers. Later, she hosted E’s popular Fashion Police and was a fixture on red carpets. She died following minor throat surgery on Sept. 4, 2014.

Actor and director Richard Attenborough, 90.


Universal

Richard famously appeared in Jurassic Park and Miracle on 34th Street, but his career high point was directing/producing 1982’s Gandhi, which won Best Picture. Richard also won Best Director. He died of natural causes on Aug. 24, 2014.

Actor and writer Ruby Dee, 91.


Public Domain

Ruby was a star of the stage and screen for seven decades, and appeared in classic films like Raisin in the Sun and Do The Right Thing. She won a Grammy, Emmy, Obie and Drama Desk award, and was nominated for an Academy Award. Ruby died of natural causes on June 11, 2014.

Writer, director, and actor Harold Ramis, 69.


Columbia

Harold was most famous for playing Egon Spengler in the original Ghostbusters films, which he co-wrote. He also directed the classic comedies Caddyshack and National Lampoon’s Vacation, and co-wrote and directed Groundhog Day and Analyze This. He died from autoimmune inflammatory vasculitis on Feb. 24, 2014.

Horror film director Wes Craven, 76.


Kevin Winter / Getty Images

Dubbed “The Master of Horror,” he created A Nightmare on Elm Street (which introduced Freddy Krueger to the world) and Scream. He died Aug. 30, 2015 of brain cancer.

Sportscaster Stuart Scott, 49.


Kevin Winter / Getty Images

Stuart was one of America’s most popular sportscasters for two decades, first on ABC and then ESPN. He was famous for his knowledge of basketball, style, and ability to talk about sports the way average people do (“Boo-yah!” was a catchphrase he popularized). He died of cancer on Jan. 4, 2015.

Singer-songwriter Glen Frey, 67.


Neilson Barnard / Getty Images

Glen Frey was a founding member of the rock band The Eagles, which dominated the musical landscape in the ’70s. He sang lead on famous Eagles’ tracks like “Take It Easy” and “Heartache Tonight,” and later scored solo hits like “The Heat Is On.” He died from complications including pneumonia on January 18, 2016.

Actor and activist Alexis Arquette, 47.


© Glenn Francis / Via PacificProDigital.com

A member of the famous Arquette acting family, Alexis appeared in films like Last Exit to Brooklyn, Pulp Fiction, Bride of Chucky, and The Wedding Singer. She was also a fierce advocate of other transgender people. After dealing with HIV-related health issues, she died of a heart attack on Sept. 11, 2016.

Singer Christina Grimmie, 22.


Kevin Winter

Christina became a YouTube favorite thanks to a series of song covers she posted that showed off her incredible vocal stylings. After finishing third on season six of NBC’s The Voice, she released an EP entitled Side A. Tragically, she was shot and killed by an obsessed fan on June 10, 2016.

Comedian Gary Shandling, 66.


HBO

Gary’s successful stand-up career featured numerous appearances on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson (he was even a frequent guest host). Later, his shows It’s Garry Shandling’s Show and The Larry Sanders Show were critical and popular favorites. He died of a pulmonary embolism on March 24, 2016.

Music producer Sir George Martin, 90.


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George was The Beatles producer and the true fifth Beatle. His suggestion to speed up Please, Please Me made it the group’s first #1, he played on dozens of their recordings (including contributing the piano solo on “In My Life”), and he composed and orchestrated the strings on songs like “Eleanor Rigby.” After The Beatles broke up, he produced many great artists like Elton John, The Who, and his old friend Paul McCartney. He died of natural causes on March 8, 2016.

Baseball star Jose Fernandez, 24.


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Born in Cuba, Jose defected to the USA in 2008. He made his major league debut for the Marlins at the age of just 20, and went on to win the Rookie of the Year award. A two-time All Star, Jose was having his best season yet when he died in a boating crash on Sept. 25, 2016.

Actor, songwriter, and host Alan Thicke, 69.


ABC

Alan was best known for playing the patriarch on the hit sitcom Growing Pains, but he also co-wrote a lot of TV show theme songs, including the classic ear worms for Diff’rent Strokes and Facts of Life. He died of a heart attack on Dec. 13, 2016.

Magazine publisher Hugh Hefner, 91.


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Hugh’s Playboy magazine — with its nude and semi-nude images of women — helped drive the sexual revolution of the ’60s. He was a larger-than-life figure, known for always wearing a robe, living in The Playboy Mansion, and having many girlfriends at once time. He died of cardiac arrest on Sept. 27, 2017.

Comedian and civil rights Dick Gregory, 84.


Public Domain

Dick revolutionized stand-up comedy by refusing to play nice. In his sets he lampooned the idiocy of racism, and soon became the first black comedian to cross over to white audiences. He also was a leader for civil rights in the ’60s, and a critic of the Vietnam War. He died of heart failure on Aug. 19, 2017.

Musician Glen Campbell, 81.


Ed Rode / Getty Images

Blessed with powerful pipes and blazing guitar skills, Glenn became a country music star thanks to hits “By the Time I Get to Phoenix,” Wichita Lineman,” and “Rhinestone Cowboy.” He won 10 Grammys and also hosted CBS’ The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour. He died of Alzheimer’s on Aug. 8, 2017.

Actor Mary Tyler Moore, 80.


Viacom

Mary was one of TV’s all-time legends thanks to her groundbreaking work in the ’60s and ’70s on The Dick Van Dyke Show and The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She won seven Emmy Awards and was nominated for a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for her role in Ordinary People. Also a philanthropist, she died from cardiopulmonary arrest on Jan. 25, 2017.

Actor Bill Paxton, 61.


Paramount/20th Century Fox

Bill brought an everyman quality and sharp acting skills to films like Aliens, Twister, Titanic, and A Simple Plan. He also starred as polygamist Bill Henrickson on HBO’s long-running series Big Love. He died of a stroke following heart surgery on Feb. 25, 2017.

United States senator and military officer John McCain, 81.


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John was naval aviator during the Vietnam War who was shot down and held as a prisoner of war by the North Vietnamese for five years. While he was tortured during his capture, he refused to be released early. Later, he served decades as a Representative and then Senator. He also was the 2008 Republican nominee for president. He died of brain cancer on August 25, 2018.

Animator Stephen Hillenburg, 57.


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Stephen was best known for creating — plus writing, directing, and producing — Nickelodeon’s SpongeBob SquarePants. Also a philanthropist, Stephen helped many charities. He died of ALS on Nov. 26, 2018.

Musician Mac Miller, 26.


Warner Bros.

Mac was a multi-instrumentalist who made a name for himself as a teenager in Pittsburgh’s hip hop scene. He went on to release five top ten albums, be nominated for a Grammy, and appear on Ariana Grande’s hit song “The Way.” He died of an accidental overdose on Sept. 7, 2018.

Celebrity chef and traveler Anthony Bourdain, 61.


CNN

Anthony’s 2000 book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly made him famous, but he was best known for his food and travel shows A Cook’s Tour, No Reservations, The Layover, and Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown. He died by suicide on June 8, 2018.

Actor Verne Troyer, 49.


New Line Cinema

Verne captivated audiences as “Mini Me” to Mike Meyers’ Dr. Evil in the Austin Powers franchise. He later played the goblin Griphook in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone and appeared in reality shows. Verne struggled with alcoholism and died on April 21, 2018.

Actor Cameron Boyce, 20.


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Cameron was a prolific actor best known for his roles on the Disney shows Jessie and Gamer’s Guide to Pretty Much Everything, as well as for playing Carlos in The Descendants franchise. He died on July 6, 2019, due to complications of epilepsy.

Writer and director John Singleton, 50.


Rob Kim

At 24 years old, John became both the first African American and the youngest person ever to be nominated for Best Director at The Academy Awards for his landmark film Boyz n the Hood. He was also nominated for Best Screenplay. Later, he directed films like Baby Boy and 2 Fast 2 Furious, and co-created the TV series Snowfall. He died after a stroke on April 28, 2019.

Actress and singer Doris Day, 97.


Public Domain

Doris established herself as a Hollywood star in the ’40s, but scaled her greatest heights in the ’60s when she became Hollywood’s number-one box office star four out of the decade’s first five years thanks to hits like Pillow Talk. Doris also had a long and successful singing career, scoring five chart-topping hits. She died of pneumonia on May 13, 2019.

Actor Luke Perry, 52.


Fox

Luke became a star in the ’90s for playing teen hearthrob Dylan McKay on Beverly Hills, 90210. In recent years, he starred in the CW’s Riverdale and appeared in Quentin Tarrantino’s Once Upon A Time In Hollywood. He died on March 4, 2019, after a stroke.

Musician and producer Ric Ocasek, 75.


Kevin Kane / Getty Images

Ric was the lead singer and main songwriter for The Cars, who scored hit songs in the ’70s and ’80s like “Just What I Needed,” “You Might Think,” and “Drive.” He was also an in-demand producer who oversaw Weezer’s classic debut album. He died of natural causes on Sept. 15, 2019.

Other notables who died during the decade include:

Heavy metal artist Ronnie James Dio, 67; author and health care advocate Elizabeth Edwards, 61; New York Yankees’ owner George Steinbrenner, 80; The Naked Gun funny man Leslie Nielson, 84; 60 MinutesAndy Rooney, 92; rapper/actor Heavy D, 44; boxing legend Joe Frazier, 67; author Pat Conroy, 70; Columbo star Peter Falk, 83; author Tom Clancy, 66; actor Jane Russell, 89; The Monkees’ Davy Jones, 66; The Band’s Levon Helm, 71; football Hall of Famer Junior Seau, 43; musician Keith Emerson, 71; composer James Horner, 61; The Doors’ Ray Manzarek, 74; Cream’s Jack Bruce, 71; designer Gloria Vanderbilt, 95; radio legend Casey Kasem, 82; The Brady Bunch stars Florence Henderson, 82; and Ann B. Davis, 88; James Bond actor Roger Moore, 89; Everybody Loves Raymond actors Doris Roberts, 90; and Sawyer Sweeten, 19; teen idol and musician David Cassidy, 67; rapper XXXTentacion, 20; rock artist Eddie Money, 70; Linkin Park’s Chester Bennington, 41; rapper Nipsey Hussle, 33; musician Avicii, 28; Cream drummer Ginger Baker, 80; actor Robert Forster, 78, politician Elijah Cummings, 69.

UPDATE

An earlier draft omitted some celebrities and notable people who should have been on the list. They have since been added.

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The Hidden Mental Health Costs of Climate Change

“People don’t really understand—until you actually see it coming at you in a wall of flame,” says a woman in the Rural Fire Service of New South Wales, in startling footage of fighting Australia’s raging bushfires last month. Extreme weather events like these are becoming more frequent and more severe: in the U.S. just this…

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The Hidden Mental Health Costs of Climate Change

“People don’t really understand—until you actually see it coming at you in a wall of flame,” says a woman in the Rural Fire Service of New South Wales, in startling footage of fighting Australia’s raging bushfires last month. Extreme weather events like these are becoming more frequent and more severe: in the U.S. just this year, five states have set wildfire records. But it’s not just unlucky homeowners who are affected—fine particulate matter is an increasing concern for epidemiologists, who’ve found that public exposure can cause both acute and chronic disease.

Though these types of environmental catastrophes are often still talked about in terms of future consequences, climate change is already having a massive impact on public health. The World Health Organization (WHO) just released a report, which draws on data from 101 countries, highlighting these climate-related health risks—and the world’s lack of preparedness.

Impacts include increased risk of childhood diarrheal disease caused by a food supply that’s potentially more vulnerable to pathogens, heatwaves creating dangerous labor conditions, and increased disease risk from chronic exposures to things like air pollution later in life.

Mental health can be affected by climate change too, and depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues are identified in the report as climate-sensitive conditions. But only six countries emphasized that it was a priority for them. Katie Hayes, a climate change and mental health researcher, has recently published on the current and projected mental health consequences of the climate crisis in the International Journal of Mental Health Systems. She said that while attributing direct causes in the mental-health sphere can be challenging, it’s clear that the impacts of climate change are accelerating.

“Extreme weather events, like flooding, hurricanes, and wildfires have been linked to depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidal ideation,” Hayes wrote in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Further, “Vector-borne diseases like West Nile Virus and Lyme disease may compound mental health issues for people with pre-existing mental health illness.” Which is why, she said, “It’s important to link [mental health issues] to climate change,” because “these events, they’re no longer one-off—it’s not a one-in-100-year flood anymore.” Though it was only raised as a significant concern by six countries, Tara Neville, a lead author on the WHO report, said it’s important that “we are now seeing countries specifically identifying mental health issues as a health risk of climate change.”

Hayes notes that existing social injustices are amplified by climate change, and that it’s the most marginalized who are especially vulnerable, including people who have had to flee their homes because of climate change, or groups like indigenous communities who already struggle with access to healthcare. “Our physical health, our mental health, and our community health are all connected,” said Hayes.

The conclusions of the WHO report are buoyed by a litany of other recent research. In November, the Lancet Countdown, a project dedicated to monitoring health and climate change, released its 2019 report. “We’re able to say that for a child born today, their life is going to be affected by climate change at every single point,” said Nick Watts, executive director at the Lancet Countdown .

Nearly half of the countries WHO surveyed had conducted “a vulnerability and adaptation assessment for health,” but only 20 of the 48 countries said their findings led directly to funding policies to address public health impacts of climate change. Although there’s increasing concern and awareness of climate-related risks associated with extreme weather—like food- and water-borne diseases, or diseases carried by insects like mosquitoes—few countries have implemented significant policy changes.

“The concern is that governments simply aren’t moving fast enough,” Watts said.

It’s difficult to overstate the broad-reaching impacts. When we talk about disease, as emerging viruses like Zika demonstrate, “It’s important to say that no country, no population is immune,” Watts said. “The world’s very, very connected.”

As healthcare professionals scramble to deal with the fallout from a warming planet, they will have to deal with a new level of uncertainty. Whether in Australia, the U.S., or the U.K., healthcare systems have been built on an “assumption that the climate was going to be stable,” Watts said. “That’s no longer a safe assumption—whether we’re talking about the floods in Venice or the wildfires in California.”

Sean McDermott is a freelance journalist and photographer.

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Health

I’m HIV-Positive. My Partner Is Negative. This Is How We Have Sex

For many, HIV is the ultimate boogeyman of the modern sex-scape. Years of horror stories have led some to fear contracting the virus so much that it becomes a constant phobia. It has also led to the stigmatization of HIV-positive individuals as toxic or wicked—and desexualized. Who, this line of thought goes, once struck with…

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I’m HIV-Positive. My Partner Is Negative. This Is How We Have Sex

For many, HIV is the ultimate boogeyman of the modern sex-scape. Years of horror stories have led some to fear contracting the virus so much that it becomes a constant phobia. It has also led to the stigmatization of HIV-positive individuals as toxic or wicked—and desexualized. Who, this line of thought goes, once struck with HIV could think of themself as a viable sexual object ever again? And who would view them as viable partners for any form of physical intimacy?

It is absurd that this even needs to be said, but people living with HIV are humans living full, long lives with a chronic but manageable condition, like so many others. They desire, and are deserving of, love and intimacy like anyone. Being in a relationship can actually be a vital motivator for some people to seek and keep up with treatment.

One might assume that HIV-positive people choose to date those who share their status, so as not to worry about transmitting the virus. And sure, this happens. But many HIV-positive and -negative people still pursue sex and intimacy together, in what are known as “serodiscordant” or mixed-status relationships. In the U.S. alone, there are at least 140,000 mixed-status couples, possibly many more, as that estimate was extrapolated from 23-year-old data. In countries where HIV is especially prevalent, more than 3 percent of all relationships are serodiscordant, and up to two-thirds of HIV-positive individuals are in such relationships.

Not all these couples know from the start that they are serodiscordant, thanks to a positive partner not knowing their status or contracting the virus while already in an established relationship. But many partners know they are mixed status when they get together and make it work.

There is no single strategy for HIV-positive and -negative people to pursue sex and intimacy. Some agree to pursue only emotional intimacy, perhaps consenting to forms of non-monogamy as well. Some only engage in non-penetrative sex. Some use condoms at all times. Increasingly, though, there’s recognition that effective treatment can lower one’s viral load to untransmissible levels. This makes the risk of an HIV-negative partner contracting the virus functionally nonexistent during unprotected sex with a HIV-positive partner who has had such a low load for at least six months and is maintaining their treatment regimen. The spread of PrEP—a preventive drug regimen used by an HIV-negative partner that reduces the risk of transmission by up to 99 percent—in recent years has also opened up new possibilities for a sense of security and less restrained intimacy. Some couples mix and match strategies as needed.

VICE recently caught up with Vasilios Papapitsios and Elijah McKinnon, a queer, non-monogamous, serodiscordant couple, to hear about how they manage sex and intimacy.

Vasilios Papapitsios: I became positive when I was 19. I’m 28 now. I’d just come out of the closet. I was living in a very hateful state [North Carolina] that had just defunded the AIDS drug assistance program, and I was going to school at UNC-Chapel Hill. As much as it thinks it is a progressive community, I was already feeling outed by a lot of my community members.

At that time, it was definitely easier to conceive of a relationship—or just casual sex—with another HIV-positive person because of the stigma I’d internalized and the fear of passing it along.

Elijah McKinnon: I’m from the San Francisco Bay area. I grew up in a pretty liberal household. I talked about sex and various STIs, including HIV, with my parents, who were in an open relationship and very open sexually. I had various relatives die from AIDS.

I had a lot of friends who were young and positive, but not out. It was more hidden than I think a lot of people are now about their status. So the first thing I learned is that I need to take ownership of my own status. What are the ways I can best protect myself? I mean not only from STIs, but a more holistic approach—like my mental sanity, my emotional sanity.

I never thought about serodiscordant relationships from this taboo perspective. One of my first…let’s just call him a boyfriend, was HIV positive. That’s when I discovered PrEP. I had to be 19, 20. This is right when the FDA approved it. I was super skeptical like, you want me to take what? Then after being involved with the study that changed the entire landscape of PrEP a couple years ago by testing a lot of people [using it] and seeing the significant decrease in [transmission of HIV], it was sort of a no-brainer for me. Leading into this relationship, I don’t think I had any barriers.

Vasilios: [Just before I met Eli in late 2016,] I’d been in New York for about half a year. It was suddenly an environment where people just didn’t care about my status. It was: That’s okay, the same way it’s okay for you to be gay. I felt more liberated and free to just be myself.

[Then I moved to Chicago.] It was the first time I was very open about my status to the public. I witnessed communities of people who were all on PrEP, or they know about it. I had been undetectable for a year or two. That was a major factor in terms of my internal stigma and fear.

My world blossomed. I was allowing myself to have intimacy and love and sex in ways that I couldn’t before…I realized I just deserved that and wasn’t this scourge of society.


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Elijah: I met Vas during a performance where they were doing a blood ritual [that involved taking a bath in fake blood] that centers on queer people living with chronic illnesses. So I was very much aware of their status.

Vasilios: I knew she was the PrEP girl. [Eli helped develop PrEP4Love, a campaign raising awareness of PrEP among black gay men, straight black women, and black trans women, and was a model in campaign ads all over Chicago.] She knew I was the poz artist and advocate.

Elijah: I’m black and queer and non-binary. We live on opposite ends of the country. We have different interests and passions. We’re constantly approaching things from the perspectives of our past traumas. There are constantly tensions between our other identities that we are processing. Our status is, I don’t want to say low on the totem pole, but there are other things we are processing.

Vasilios: We have an open relationship. Usually it’s separate. Sometimes it’s not.

I have to be aware that there are other STIs when you do not use a prophylactic. Even if people I’m having sex with are on PrEP, that doesn’t mean other things are thrown out the window. For me, PrEP is like a mental prophylactic. It gives us the opportunity to get into it and not have to think, oh my goodness, this little act of intimacy or sex is so wonderful but there’s still a lingering fear. That doesn’t really exist for me anymore. And that is an amazing gift. But any sex interaction, I have to think about, huh, I don’t know this person or whatever, I’m taking a risk.

How do I put this… We use condoms [together] if we need to. But we don’t really want to.

Elijah: There are a lot of tools that people don’t know about when navigating sex. Like the number of partners, or knowing how to have communicative conversations with those partners as just number one. That allows you to navigate sexually through an experience however you want to.

There are obviously condoms and PrEP, but also positioning [in terms of who is the recipient of penetrative sex; the receiving partner is at more risk]. There are ways of being intimate that are non-penetrative. There’re so many different things we discuss. Everything on our relationship is on the table. When it’s not, things begin to spiral because we’re not being communicative.

One thing that really has been intimate about our respective statuses is that I feel, versus a lot of other relationships, we’re more actively involved with each other’s holistic health. Not just okay, what’s your CD4 count? But how’s your mind doing? Let’s check in. How are you eating?

Vasilios: I think we have learned from our past experiences. And we complement each other in our different healing journeys.

Elijah: Up until about a year ago, I got a lot of questions, like: Aren’t you scared? Don’t you just think it would be easier with a negative person? I don’t even know what any of those questions mean!

There are still a lot of people who are very unaware due to fear and stigma around how to not only be in a serodiscordant relationship but be in a gay, queer, alternative relationship in general. Because they don’t have any models and the models that we do have are very monolithic. If it weren’t status, it’d be something else, like: How is it being in a mixed-race relationship?

That is just one facet of our multi-faceted relationship. It’s a topic that’s up for discussion, not so much negotiation. And it isn’t a barrier to accessing our most intimate depths of pleasure and joy.

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More People Than Ever Are Trying to Lose Weight, to No Avail

Despite reportedly trying lots of different weight loss methods, adults in the United States have seen overall increases in weight and actual measured BMI, according to a new study published this week in JAMA Network Open. The research basically paints a picture of people spinning their diet and activity wheels, reportedly restricting their food intake,…

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More People Than Ever Are Trying to Lose Weight, to No Avail

Despite reportedly trying lots of different weight loss methods, adults in the United States have seen overall increases in weight and actual measured BMI, according to a new study published this week in JAMA Network Open. The research basically paints a picture of people spinning their diet and activity wheels, reportedly restricting their food intake, increasing exercise, and drinking a ton of water, all to no avail.

The most interesting data within the study is the table of things people say they’ve done to try and lose weight, and how those tactics have changed over the 17 years of the research period. The number of people who say they “ate less food,” for instance, increased by 11 percent, and there was a more than 26 percent increase in “drinking more water” as a weight-management strategy (a questionable method); while only seven people say they drank water as a weight loss tactic in 1999–2000, 1,370 said the same in 2015–2016. Steady increases can be seen each year, which is a nice way to trace the celebrity diet cliché to just “drink a lot of water!!!” through time.

Researchers don’t offer much in the line of why this is happening (or maybe more fair to say, not happening). The study hypothesizes people are over-reporting the efforts they’re making to lose weight (the study data comes from a nationally representative survey). Or the gap in weight loss efforts and weight gained could come from a previously observed trend that people who perceive themselves to be overweight are more likely to increase their weight over time. This would also make sense, given that the number of people who think of themselves as overweight also increased in the study’s timeframe.

Researchers ultimately conclude that even though more people say they were trying to lose weight, across the board, weights and BMI increased. Of course, higher weights and higher BMI doesn’t necessarily speak to poor health: It’s extremely possible to gain mass in a healthy way; having more weight doesn’t necessarily mean being less healthy. But the overall picture of how healthy the country is isn’t what’s on display in this study. If anything, this study shows that people are certainly more stressed out about their weight, which can have a loose connection to health. But they’re not getting the tools they need to feel equipped to live healthily, or accept their healthy bodies.

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